Yesterday, Innovation Minister Navdeep Bains introduced the Digital Charter Implementation Act. The new act, officially called an “Act to enact the Consumer Privacy Protection Act and the Personal Information and Data Protection Tribunal Act and to make consequential and related amendments to other Acts,” represents one of the biggest shakeups in Canada’s privacy law in decades. Canada currently has two laws that govern privacy in Canada. The Privacy Act covers government agencies and federally regulated industries, while the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act applies to private-sector organizations. If the new Digital Charter passes into law, the following sets of online rights will be available to Canadians:
- the ability to withdraw, remove and erase basic personal data from a platform, such as Facebook or Twitter;
- knowledge of how personal data is being used, including through a national advertising registry;
- the ability to review and challenge the amount of personal data that a company or government has collected;
- a means of informing people when personal data is breached, with appropriate compensation;
- and the ability to be free from online discrimination including bias and harassment.